Comparing and Selecting Hops

Name Alpha Acid % Typical Beer Styles Possible Substitutions Flavor Description
Admiral (U.K.) 13.5%-16% Ale U.K. Target, U.K. Northdown, U.K. Challenger Known for its bittering potential.
Ahtanum 4%-6.3%     Floral, citrus, sharp, and piney.
Amarillo 8%-9% Ale, IPA Cascade, Centennial Citrusy, flowery.
Bramling Cross (U.K.) 5%-7% ESB, bitter, pale ale U.K. Kent Golding, U.K. Progress, Whitbread Golding Variety Quite mild, fruity currant aroma.
Brewer's Gold 7%-8.5% English ale Bullion Bittering hop with neutral aroma character.
Brewer's Gold (German) 6%-7% Ale, heavier German-style lagers Northdown, Northern Brewer, Galena, Bullion Black currant, fruity, spicy.
Bullion 6.5%-9% IPA, ESB, stout Columbus, Northern Brewer, German Brewer's Gold A rich hop primarily used for bittering. Intense blackcurrant aroma.
Cascade 4.5%-7% Pale ale, IPA, porter, barleywine Centennial, Amarillo, possibly Columbus Pleasant, flowery, spicy, and citrusy. Can have a grapefruit flavor.
Centennial 8%-11.5% All ale styles, has been used with wheat beer Cascade, possibly Columbus Medium with floral and citrus tones.
Challenger (U.K.) 6.5%-8.5% English-style ales, porter, stout, ESB, bitter U.S. or German Perle, Northern Brewer Mild to moderate, quite spicy.
Chinook 10%-14% Pale ale, IPA, stout, porter, lager Nugget, Columbus, Northern Brewer, U.K. Target Mild to medium-heavy, spicy, piney, and grapefruity.
Cluster 5.5%-8.5% Ale and lager (good aroma for ale, good bittering for lager) Galena Medium and quite spicy.
Columbus 11%-16% IPA, pale ale, stout Nugget, Chinook, U.K. Target, Northern Brewer Pleasant, with pungent aroma.
Crystal 2%-4.5% Lager, pilsner, ESB Mt. Hood, Hersbrucker, French Strisslespalt, Liberty, Hallertauer Mild and pleasant, spicy and flowery.
Eroica 9%-12% Wheat Galena, Nugget, Chinook Strong but pleasant aroma.
First Gold (U.K.) 6.5%-8.5% Ale, ESB U.K. Kent Golding, maybe Crystal A little like Golding family; spicy.
Fuggle (U.S.) 4%-5.5% Any English-style beer or American ale U.K. Fuggle, Willamette, Styrian Golding, U.S. Tettnanger Mild and pleasant, earthy and fruity.
Fuggle (U.K.) 4%-5.5% All English-style ales, ESB, bitter, lager U.S. Fuggle, Willamette, Styrian Golding Mild, pleasant, hoppy, and robust.
Galena 10%-14% Ale, porter, stout, ESB, bitter Nugget, Pride of Ringwood, Chinook Medium but pleasant hoppiness, citrusy.
Golding (U.S.) 4%-6% Pale ale, ESB, all English-style beer U.K. Golding, Whitbread Golding Variety, U.K. Progress, and possibly the Fuggle family Mild, extremely pleasant, and gently hoppy.
Hallertauer (U.S.) 3.5%-5.5% Lager, pilsner, bock, wheat Liberty, Ultra, Hallertauer Tradition Very mild, pleasant, and slightly flowery, some spicy.
Hallertauer Gold 6%-6.5%   Crystal, Mt. Hood Known for its aromatic properties similar to Hallertauer.
Hallertauer Mittelfrüh 3%-5.5% Lager, bock, wheat, maybe pilsner Liberty, German Tradition, Ultra Mild and pleasant.
Hallertauer Tradition (Ger.) 3.5%-5.5% Mild-flavored beers Crystal, Liberty Known for its aromatic properties. A replacement for Hallertauer Mittelfrüh.
Hersbrucker (German) 3%-5.5% Lager, pilsner, bock, wheat Mt. Hood, French Strisslespalt Mild to semi-strong, pleasant, hoppy.
Horizon 11%-14% Ale, lager Magnum or a high-alpha hop Pleasantly hoppy.
Kent Golding (U.K.) 4%-5.5% All English-style ales, ESB, bitter U.S. Golding, Whitbread Golding Variety, U.K. Progress Gentle, fragrant, and pleasant.
Liberty 3%-6% Lager, pilsner, bock, wheat Hallertauer Tradition, Hallertauer, Mt. Hood Mild and clean aroma, slightly spicy character.
Magnum 13%-15% All beers, particularly lager, pilsner, stout Northern Brewer Known for bittering value and quality.
Mt. Hood 3%-8% Lager, pilsner, bock, wheat Crystal, French Strisslespalt, Hersbrucker Mild, pleasant, and clean, somewhat pungent and resiny.
Northdown (U.K.) 7.5%-9.5% All ales, porter   Fruity with some spiciness.
Northern Brewer (U.S.) 6%-10% ESB, bitter, English pale ale, porter, California (steam) beer Nugget, Chinook Medium-strong with some wild tones.
Northern Brewer (German) 7%-10% ESB, bitter, English pale ale, porter Chinook, U.S. Northern Brewer Medium-strong with some wild tones.
Northwest Golding 4%-5% Ale, porter, stout, ESB, bitter   Known for aromatic properties.
Nugget 11%-14.5% Light lager Columbus, Chinook, U.K. Target, Galena Quite heavy and herbal.
Olympic 11%-13%   Chinook Mild to medium, citrusy aroma, spicy.
Perle (U.S.) 6%-9.5% Pale ale, porter, German styles Northern Brewer, Cluster, Galena, Chinook Known for its aromatic and bittering properties, pleasant and slightly spicy.
Perle (German) 6%-8.5% Pale ale, porter, lager U.S. Perle, Northern Brewer Moderately intense, good and hoppy, fruity and a little spicy.
Phoenix (U.K.) 4.2%-5.5% All ales U.K. Northdown, U.K. Kent Golding, U.K. Challenger Similar to U.K. Challenger.
Pioneer (U.K.) 8%-10% Ale, ESB U.K. Kent Golding A mild, typical English aroma.
Polish Lublin 3%-4.5% Pilsner U.S. Saaz, Czech Saaz, U.S. Tettnanger Mild and typical of noble aroma types, spicy, herbal.
Pride of Ringwood (Australia) 7%-10% Australian lager Galena, Cluster Quite pronounced, woody, earthy, herbal.
Progress (U.K.) 5%-7.5% Ale, bitter, ESB, porter U.K. Kent Golding, Fuggle Moderately strong, good aroma.
Saaz (Czech) 3%-4.5% Pilsner U.S. Saaz, Polish Lublin Very mild with pleasant hoppy notes, earthy, spicy, and herbal.
Saaz (U.S.) 3%-5% Pilsner, lager, wheat Czech Saaz, Polish Lublin Mild and pleasant, earthy and spicy.
Santiam 5%-7.9% Lager, American ale, pilsner German Tettnanger, German Spalt, German Spalt Select Noble characteristics.
Satus 12.5%-14%   Galena Known for its bittering and aromatic properties.
Simcoe 12%-14%     A bittering and aromatic hop.
Spalt (German) 4%-5.5% Lager U.S. Saaz, U.S. Tettnanger, German Spalt Select Mild and pleasant, slightly spicy.
Spalt Select (German) 4%-6% Lager, and any beer where noble aroma is wanted U.S. Saaz, U.S. Tettnanger, German Spalt Very fine Spalter-type aroma.
Spalt Select (U.S.) 3%-5% German lagers Tettnanger, Saaz Medium intensity and pleasant hoppy qualities. Medium-strong aroma with wild American tones.
Sterling 6%-9% Lager, ale, pilsner Saaz, Polish Lublin Herbal, spicy, pleasant aroma, hint of floral and citrus.
Strisslespalt (France) 3%-5% Pilsner, lager, wheat Mt. Hood, Crystal, Hersbrucker Medium intensity, pleasant, hoppy.
Styrian Golding (Slovenia) 4.5%-6% All English-style ales, ESB, bitter, lager U.S. Fuggle, U.K. Fuggle, Willamette Delicate, slightly spicy.
Target (U.K.) 9.5%-12.5% All ale and lager Fuggle, Willamette Pleasant English hop aroma, quite intense.
Tettnanger (U.S.) 3.4%-5.2% German ales and lagers, American lagers, wheat German Spalt, Czech Saaz Santiam An aromatic hop, mild and slightly spicy.
Tettnanger (German) 3.5%-5.5% Lager, ale German Spalt, German Spalt Select, U.S. Tettnanger, Saaz Mild and pleasant, slightly spicy, herbal.
Tomahawk 15%-17% Ale Columbus Primarily a bittering hop.
Tradition (German) 5%-7% Lager, pilsner Hersbrucker, Hallertauer Mittelfrüh Very fine and similar to Hallertauer Mittelfrüh.
Ultra 2%-4.1% Lager, pilsner, wheat, finish hop in ales Liberty, Hallertauer Tradition, Saaz Very good to outstanding, some Saaz-like qualities. Aromatic properties similar to Hallertauer.
Vanguard 4%-5.67%   Saaz, Hallertauer Mittelfrüh Aroma similar to continental European types.
Warrior 15%-17% Ale, stout Nugget A bittering and aromatic hop.
WGV (Whitbread Golding Variety) (U.K.) 5%-7% Ale U.K. Kent Golding, U.K. Progress Quite pleasant and hoppy, moderately intense.
Willamette 3.5%-6% Pale ale, ESB, bitter, English-style ale, porter, stout U.S. Fuggle, U.S. Tettnanger, Styrian Golding Mild and pleasant, slightly spicy, fruity, floral, a little earthy.
Yakima Cluster 6%-8.5%     Used as a kettle hop for bittering.
Zeus 13%-17%   Columbus Aromatic and pleasant.

Hop Substitution Chart

Hop Variety Possible Substitutes
Admiral Target, Northdown, Challenger
Ahtanum Amarillo, Centennial, Simcoe
Amarillo Cascade, Centennial, Summit, Ahtanum
Boadicea Cacade(?), I'm not sure...
Brewers Gold Bullion, Chinook, Galena, Nugget
Bullion Columbus, Northern Brewer
Cascade Amarillo, Centennial, Summit
Centennial Amarillo, Cascade, Columbus, Summit
Challenger Perle, Admiral
Chinook Brewers Gold, Columbus, Galena, Nugget, Northern Brewer, Eroica
Cluster Galena, Eroica
Columbus Magnum, Chinook, Northern Brewer, Warrior, Millenium, Bullion
Crystal Mt. Hood, Liberty, Hallertauer, Tettnanger, Strisselspalt
E.K. Goldings Fuggle, Progress, First Gold
Eroica Galena
First Gold E.K. Goldings
Fuggle Willamette, Styrian Golding, Tettnanger, Newport
Galena Brewers Gold, Nugget, Cluster, Chinook, Eroica, Newport
Glacier Willamette, Fuggle, Tettnanger, Styrian Goldings
Hallertau Liberty, Tettnanger, Mt. Hood, Vangaurd, Tradition
Horizon Magnum
Liberty Hallertau, Tettnanger, Mt. Hood, Crystal, Ultra
Lublin Saaz, Sterling
Magnum Horizon, Newport
Marynka Northern Brewer(?)
Millenium Nugget, Columbus
Mt. Hood Hallertauer, Liberty, Crystal, Strisselspalt
Northern Brewer Nugget, Chinook, Columbus, Bullion, Perle, Styrian Aurora
Newport Galena, Nugget, Fuggle, Magnum
Northdown Admiral, Challenger
Nugget Cluster, Galena, Brewers Gold, Warrior, Eroica, Target, Millenium
Perle Challenger, Northern Brewer
Premiant ?
Progress Fuggles, E.K. Goldings
Saaz Sladek, Lublin, Sterling, Ultra, Vangaurd
Santiam Tettnanger, Spalt, Liberty, Hallertau
Saphir ?
Simcoe Northern Brewer (?)
Sladek Saaz, Lublin
Spalt Santiam, Liberty, Tettnanger, Hallertau
Sterling Saaz, Lublin
Strisselspalt Mt. Hood, Crystal
Styrian Aurora Northern Brewer
Styrian Goldings Fuggle, Willamette
Summit Amarillo, Cascade
Target Nugget, Fuggle, WIllamette, Admiral
Tettnanger Hallertau, Liberty, Fuggle
Tradition Hallertauer
Ultra Liberty, Hallertau, Saaz
Vangaurd Saaz, Hallertauer
Warrior Nugget, Columbus
Willamette Styrian Golding, Target, Fuggle, Tettnanger, Glacier


Tips and Tricks

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Best hop techniques for homebrewing/

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